Australian state on alert for Japanese encephalitis

by IANS |

Sydney, Nov 23 (IANS) Authorities of Australia's New South Wales (NSW) on Wednesday warned its residents to be alert for Japanese encephalitis as the state is experiencing an extended period of wet weather.

The government urged livestock owners to watch for signs of this infectious disease as routine surveillance indicated the virus remains present in parts of regional NSW, reports Xinhua news agency.

The state's Minister for Agriculture and Western NSW Dugald Saunders said mosquito numbers are expected to rise in the coming weeks, given the extended periods of wet weather across the state.

"As we recover from high rainfall and head into warmer temperatures, the conditions are ideal for Japanese encephalitis to spread," he said.

Japanese encephalitis is caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). It is spread through mosquito bites and is more common in areas of increased mosquito activity.

Saunders said the disease won't pose a food safety risk, but it could cause reproductive failures in pigs, with 50-70 percent losses reported in previously affected populations.

"We're encouraging farmers to be on high alert for ill livestock, with clinical signs of infection including a high temperature, jaundice, lethargy, anorexia and neurological signs including incoordination and impaired vision," he added.

Japanese encephalitis infections in humans are most commonly asymptomatic, but on rare occasions, they can result in severe disease and even death.

NSW Minister for Health Brad Hazzard also warned residents who live or frequently work in areas identified as having the disease to take precautions such as vaccines and wearing long-sleeved clothing to prevent mosquito bites.

The state is providing free JEV vaccines to those aged 2 months or older who live or routinely work in areas of high JEV concern or at higher risk of exposure to mosquitoes.

Since it was first detected in Australia in 1995, human cases of JEV acquired in Australia have been very rare, but in 2022, the number has increased, with human cases identified across several states.

As of October 19 this year, 42 cases of JEV infections have been notified in Australia since January 1, 2021.

Latest News
Equalise to end AIDS epidemic: WHO on World AIDS Day Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:40 PM
Equalise to end AIDS epidemic: WHO on World AIDS Day Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:40 PM
3 girls get stuck in society's lift, incident captured on CCTV Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:39 PM
Meta purges 32 mn pieces of bad content on FB, Instagram in India in Oct Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:34 PM
GST collections stood at Rs 1,45,867 cr in Nov, 11% rise year-on-year Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:33 PM
Ace leg spinner Rashid Khan joins New York Strikers in Abu Dhabi T10 Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:32 PM
Taskin Ahmed ruled out of ODI series opener against India due to recurring back pain Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:31 PM
99% of HIV patients in Cambodia receive free antiretroviral drugs: PM Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:30 PM
Pakistan government join heads to tackle resurgence of TTP, IS Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:26 PM
Canadian Sikhs reach out to drivers stranded in snowstorm Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:19 PM
Karnataka-Maharashtra border row is conspiracy, says Congress Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 04:00 PM
TRS MLAs' poaching case: 'Conspiracy hatched at Santhosh's house' Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 03:58 PM
BSF celebrates 58th Foundation Day Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 03:55 PM
Muslim college row: Ruling BJP in K'taka takes U-turn, says matter not discussed at all Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 03:09 PM
ILO notes 'striking fall' in real wages worldwide Thu, Dec 01, 2022, 03:06 PM